Cryoballoon ablation of non-PV triggers in persistent atrial fibrillation


PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, vol.47, no.1, pp.66-79, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/pace.14878
  • Journal Name: PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, SportDiscus
  • Page Numbers: pp.66-79
  • Keywords: ablation, atrial fibrillation, electrophysiology, clinical
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Cryoballoon-based catheter ablation has emerged as an efficacious and safe therapeutic intervention for patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). PAF is primarily associated with the triggers in the pulmonary vein (PV). However, persistent atrial fibrillation (PeAF) is a complex condition that involves changes in the atrial substrate and the presence of non-PV triggers. Therefore, a comprehensive treatment approach is necessary for patients with PeAF. Utilizing a 3D electroanatomical map, the radiofrequency-based ablation technique adeptly identifies and targets the atrial substrate and non-PV triggers. On the other hand, the cryoballoon-based AF ablation was initially designed for PV isolation. However, its single-shot feature makes it a great choice for electrophysiologists looking to address non-PV triggers. It is possible to target the left atrial appendage (LAA), superior vena cava (SVC), left atrial roof, and posterior wall using the apparatus's unique configuration and ablation abilities. This review focuses on the increasing literature regarding cryoballoon-based methods for non-PV trigger ablation. Specifically, it delves into the technical procedures used to isolate the LAA, SVC, and ablate the left atrial roof and posterior wall.