Analyzing two decades of intimate partner femicide-suicides in Türkiye


Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, vol.94, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 94
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jflm.2023.102485
  • Journal Name: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, Criminal Justice Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Femicide, Firearm ownership, Homicide-suicide, Intimate partner femicide-suicide, Turkey, Violence against women
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal MedicineIntimate partner femicide-suicide (IPF–S) is an understudied subgroup of homicide–suicide deaths. Limited research has been conducted on IPF-Ss in the Eastern Mediterranean region. This study thus aimed to evaluate the characteristics of IPF-Ss that occurred in Türkiye between 2000 and 2019. IPF-Ss (n = 226) were extracted from electronic news stories. Data on victims, perpetrators, their relationships, and incidents of murder and suicide were collected. Descriptive statistics were calculated, and logistic regression analysis, mortality rates, and proportion of IPF-S in femicide calculations were conducted, showing that 13.3% of the femicides (n = 1699) were IPF-Ss. The IPF-Ss increased in 5-year intervals and were the highest during the 2015–2019 period (62.5%). Victims were married in 48.2% of the cases and 56% were aged <35 years, while 51.3% of the perpetrators were married and 52.6% were aged >40 years. In 42.0% of the cases, the perpetrator lived with the victim. Most (79.2%) of the cases took place in urban settlements, and the perpetrators used firearms in 84.1% of femicide cases. Firearm use was the most common method in cases where IPF-S was planned (OR = 2.98), when the IPF-S method was the same (OR = 29.6), and when the perpetrator committed suicide (OR = 7.82). In addition, it was found that firearm ownership is an important risk factor for IPF-S in Türkiye. Therefore, we recommend legislation to restrict firearms, as well as new measures to prevent illegal access to weapons.