The validation of the Arabic version of the Coronavirus-2019 Phobia Scale (C19P-SA) and individual differences in coronaphobia experiences among an Arabic population


Alnaddaf A., BALOĞLU M.

JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/jcop.22642
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, CAB Abstracts, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, CINAHL, EMBASE, Gender Studies Database, MEDLINE, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index

Abstract

The current study adapted the Coronavirus 19 Phobia Scale into Arabic and tested the psychometric properties of the adapted version on 469 Arabic-speaking individuals (mean age = 29.57 years old; SD = 10.39; range = 9-71 years old). After confirmatory analysis found supporting evidence for the four-factor structure, consequent analysis on convergent and discriminant validity and reliability of the Arabic version are also supported. A 2 x 2 between-groups factorial multivariate analysis of variance was used to investigate individual differences in coronaphobia. Results show that there is no significant interaction effect between gender and marital status, lambda = 0.973, F (8,460) = 1600, p = 0.121, partial eta(2) = 0. 014; however, the main effect for gender is statistically significant, lambda = 0.925, F (4,464) = 9.367, p < 0.001, partial eta(2) = 0.075, power = 1.000, where women score higher than men on all coronaphobia factors. In addition, the main effect for marital status is also significant, lambda = 0.923, F (4,464) = 4.701, p < 0.001, partial eta(2) = 0.039, power = 0.998, where singles score higher than married couples on only two coronaphobia factors: Psychological and economic. Based on the findings, we conclude that the effects of coronaphobia have similarities across nations as well as differences unique to the Arabic populations.