Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is a technique which is commonly performed without any problem in cardiac surgery. CPB can also be used in patients with a tumoral mass adherent to the great vessels, in patients with critically narrowed airway, if cross-table intubation of the distal trachea is not feasible and in patients necessitating re-do surgery with extensive adhesions because it allows extensive mobilization of the heart and great vessels without compromising their function. It also allowed the central pulmonary artery to be controlled without comprising oxygenation and complete resection of a tumor localized in the A-P window. Herein we report such patients operated with CPB without any problem. Copyright (C) 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel.