Right nutcracker syndrome associated with left-sided inferior vena cava, hemiazygos continuation and persistant left superior vena cava: a rare combination

Yildiz A. E., Cayci F. S., GENÇ S., Cakar N., FİTOZ Ö. S.

CLINICAL IMAGING, vol.38, no.3, pp.340-345, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.clinimag.2013.12.007
  • Journal Name: CLINICAL IMAGING
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.340-345
  • Keywords: Nutcracker syndrome, Left-sided inferior vena cava, Doppler US, MR angiography, DIAGNOSIS, CHILDREN
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: No


The term nutcracker syndrome refers to compression of left renal vein between aorta and superior mesenteric artery causing renal venous hypertension. Right nutcracker syndrome associated with a left-sided inferior vena cava is an extremely rare anomaly. Reported two cases in English literature were diagnosed by ultrasonography and computed tomography angiography in adulthood. Herein, we present a case of right nutcracker syndrome with left-sided inferior vena cava and hemiazygos continuation in a 12-year-old girl. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.