Investigation of the relationship between feeding problems and cognitive functions in premature children


Koca R. B. , HURİ M.

APPETITE, vol.177, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 177
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.appet.2022.106156
  • Journal Name: APPETITE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Animal Behavior Abstracts, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Index Islamicus, MEDLINE, Psycinfo, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Cognitive function, Eating behavior, Feeding behavior, Occupational therapy, Preterm birth, PRETERM INFANTS, YOUNG-CHILDREN, MEALTIME BEHAVIORS, EATING PROBLEMS, SCREENING TOOL, PRAXIS SKILLS, AGE, DIFFICULTIES, EMERGENCE, PATTERNS

Abstract

Children with a history of premature birth may show various problems in feeding, and these problems may continue at school age. It is necessary to examine the role of cognitive functions in children's feeding with more detailed studies.Comparison of feeding problems and cognitive functions of premature and full-term children and examining the relationship between them. The parents of 60 children aged 6-10 completed the Screening Tool of Feeding Problems, and the cognitive functions of the children were evaluated with the Dynamic Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment. Results are compared and correlations between feeding problems and cognitive functions were examined. Feeding problems of premature children are statistically higher than those born at term; their cognitive functions were statistically weaker (p < 0.001). It was found that feeding problems and cognitive functions were statistically related in premature children (p < 0.05). Feeding problems seen in premature children may be related to their weaker cognitive functions compared to their peers. It is important to evaluate cognitive functions and include them in the intervention in rehabilitation programs to be prepared for premature children with feeding problems.