Partially de-epithelialised and buried V-Y advancement flap for reconstruction of sacrococcygeal and ischial defects


Tuncbilek G., Nasir S., Ozkan O., Kayikcioglu A., Mavili E.

SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY AND HAND SURGERY, vol.38, no.2, pp.94-99, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

Abstract

Defects in the sacrococcygeal and ischial soft tissues can be treated with gluteus maximus and posterior thigh V-Y advancement flaps. However, late complications include recurrence and dehiscence of the suture line. Increasing the amount of the soft tissues over the bony prominences and multilayered closure may have an advantage for long-term durability. We modified the V-Y advancement technique by de-epithelialising the medial parts of the flap and burying them under the opposing edge of the wound or the flap. Sixteen patients with various defects of the sacrococcygeal and ischial soft tissues were operated on using this technique. All the flaps healed well with no partial or complete loss of the flap. Three patients developed complications. The main advantage of our technique is the use of healthy tissues to obliterate the dead spaces under the edges of the wound or the opposing flap. In this way, not only the defect in the skin but the defect in the subcutaneous tissue, with its iceberg tip at the surface, is treated effectively. To have an additional layer of tissue between the bone and the superficial tissues provides an extra cushion of soft tissue and avoids putting the suture line directly over the bony prominences. We used this modification safely for both unilateral and bilateral flaps. It could also be used successfully in other parts of the body.