10th International Conference on Computer Vision Systems (ICVS), Copenhagen, Denmark, 6 - 09 July 2015, vol.9163, pp.364-374
Robot manipulation tasks like inserting screws and pegs into a hole or automatic screwing require precise tip pose estimation. We propose a novel method to detect and estimate the tip of elongated objects. We demonstrate that our method can estimate tip pose to millimeter-level accuracy. We adopt a probabilistic, appearance-based object detection framework to detect pegs and bits for electric screw drivers. Screws are difficult to detect with feature-or appearance-based methods due to their reflective characteristics. To overcome this we propose a novel adaptation of RANSAC with a parallel-line model. Subsequently, we employ image moments to detect the tip and its pose. We show that the proposed method allows a robot to perform object insertion with only two pairs of orthogonal views, without visual servoing.