Body awareness and chronic low back pain: Validity and reliability study of Turkish version of body awareness rating scale

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Demirel A., Onan D., Özel A., Öz M., Berberoğlu U., Ülger Ö.

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences, vol.50, no.4, pp.849-854, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/sag-1911-110
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.849-854
  • Keywords: Low back pain, chronic pain, body image, reproducibility of results, TORONTO-ALEXITHYMIA-SCALE, INTEROCEPTION, VALIDATION
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Background/aim: Previous studies reported that patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) had trouble describing senses or body functions. A questionnaire, the body awareness rating questionnaire (BARQ), was recently developed for assessing body awareness. The aim of the study was to develop a Turkish version of the BARQ and investigate the validity and reliability in patients with CLBP. Materials and methods: BARQ translated to Turkish with forward-backward method. Ninety-nine patients with CLBP and 101 healthy controls (HC) completed the BARQ-T. Fifty-one of patients with CLBP and HC repeated BARQ-T 3 days later. In addition to BARQ-T, Oswestry disability index (ODI), pain severity, short form 36 (SF-36) and Toronto alexithymia scale (TAS) were administered. Results: The current study found good-excellent Cronbach’s alpha values for patients with CLBP (α: between 0.883–0.967) and acceptable-good Cronbach’s alpha values for HC (α: between 0.649–0.825) in factors of BARQ-T. ICC values for test-retest validity were found to be good-excellent for patients with CLBP in all factors. BARQ-T was positively correlated with SF-36 and negatively correlated with ODI and TAS (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The study confirmed that the BARQ-T has acceptable validation and reliability in terms of pain perception and pain assessment in the Turkish CLBP community.