A Report of 7-Year Experience on Pediatric Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy


Yetimakman A. F. , Kesici S. , Tanyildiz M. , Bayrakci U. S. , BAYRAKCİ B.

JOURNAL OF INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE, cilt.34, ss.985-989, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 34
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/0885066617724339
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.985-989

Özet

Background: Continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRTs) either as continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) or hemodiafiltration (CVVHD) are used frequently in critically ill children. Many clinical variables and technical issues are known to affect the result. The factors that could be modified to increase the survival of renal replacement are sought. As a contribution, we present the data on 104 patients who underwent CRRT within a 7-year period. Materials and Method: A total of 104 patients admitted between 2009 and 2016 were included in the study. The demographic information, admittance pediatric risk of mortality (PRISM) scores, indication for CRRT, presence of fluid overload, CRRT modality, durations of CRRT, and pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) stay were compared between survivors and nonsurvivors. Results: The overall rate of survival was 51%. Patients with fluid overload had significantly increased rate of death, CRRT duration, and PICU stay. Multiorgan dysfunction syndrome as the indication for CRRT was significantly related to decreased survival when compared to acute renal failure and acute attacks of metabolic diseases. The CRRT modality was not different between survivors and nonsurvivors. Standardized mortality ratio of the group was calculated to be 0.8. Conclusion: The CRRT in critically ill patients is successful in achieving fluid removal and correction of metabolic imbalances caused by organ failures or attacks of inborn errors of metabolism. It has a positive effect on expected mortality in high-risk PICU patients. To affect the outcome, follow-up should be focused on starting therapy in early stages of fluid overload. Prospective studies defining relative importance of risk factors causing mortality can assist in building up guidelines to affect the outcome.