This study was planned to determine the effects of occupational risk factors in 180 textile industry workers. For this purpose a questionnaire was filled by 180 textile workers whose duties were dyeing (n = 40), sewing (n = 40), quality controlling (n = 49) and packaging (n = 51). Our results have shown that all subjects had pain localised in upper extremities; shoulder/neck, and low back. Pain increased during working. As a result of our study, when the collected data were examined for environmental risk factors, in most of the dyeing (97.5%), sewing (97.5%), quality controlling (93.9%), and packaging (86.3%) workers, their discomfort was due to environmental factors. It was determined that every group worked standing except sewing workers and all the workers except the dyeing group worked in a constant position with rhythmic and repetitive movements. We concluded that workers in the textile industry are exposed to many occupational risk factors for developing musculo-skeletal system pain.