Determination of growth and glycerol production kinetics of a wine yeast strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae Kalecik 1 in different substrate media


Yalcin S., Ozbas Z.

WORLD JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY, cilt.21, ss.1303-1310, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 21
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s11274-005-2634-9
  • Dergi Adı: WORLD JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1303-1310

Özet

Glycerol has been known as an important by-product of wine fermentations improving the sensory quality of wine. This study was carried out with an endogenic wine yeast strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae Kalecik 1. The kinetics of growth and glycerol biosynthesis were analysed at various initial concentrations of glucose, fructose, and sucrose in a batch system. Depending on the determined values of Monod constants, glucose (K-s = 28.09 g/l) was found as the most suitable substrate for the yeast growth. Initial glucose, fructose and sucrose concentrations necessary for maximum specific yeast growth rate were determined as 175 g, 100 l, and 200 g/l, respectively. The yeast produced glycerol at very high concentrations in fructose medium. Fructose was determined as the most suitable substrate for glycerol production while the strain showed low tendency to use it for growth. S. cerevisiae Kalecik 1 could not produce glycerol below 200 g/l initial sucrose concentration. When natural white grape juice was used as fermentation medium, maximum glycerol concentration and dry weight of the yeast were determined as 9.3 g/l and 11.8 g/l, respectively.