The aim of this research was to determine whether extra-oral surface treatments on feldspathic porcelain surfaces influence initial adhesion of Streptococcus mutans. Ninety-six porcelain specimen discs were fabricated and divided into six equal groups according to surface treatment: fine-grit diamond polishing (Group 1); self-glazing (Group 2); overglazing (Group 3); overglazing followed by a finishing procedure and then overglazing (Group 4); Pearl Surface polishing (Group 5); and Diamond Twist SCLTM polishing (Group 6). Surface roughness and hydrophobicity were assessed. An S. mutans suspension was incubated on each specimen group and evaluated. A one-way analysis of variance, post-hoc Tukey honestly significantly different test, Friedman test, and t-test were used for statistical analysis. Group 1 showed the highest surface roughness (p < 0.001) and bacterial adhesion (p < 0.05). Groups 5 and 6 specimen surfaces presented significantly higher contact angles (p < 0.05). Group 1 had the highest S. mutans adhesion, followed by Groups 3, 5, 6, 2, and 4 (p < 0.05). Reglazing after grinding may therefore decrease bacterial adhesion beneficially.