A case of superoinferior ventricular heart with situs ambiguus, dextroventricular loop, and levo transposition of the arteries: Prenatal and postnatal echocardiographic diagnosis

Ozkutlu S., Ayabakan C., Demircin M., Yilmaz M.

PEDIATRIC CARDIOLOGY, vol.24, no.5, pp.498-502, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00246-002-0407-x
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.498-502
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


A unique case of superoinferior ventricles, left atrial isomerism, concordant atrioventricular connection, and discordant ventriculoarterial connection is described. The associated anomalies were azygous vein continuation, large subpulmonary and apical ventricular septal defects, and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (pulmonary stenosis). The diagnosis was mostly made by fetal echocardiography and the superoinferior location of the ventricles was confirmed by postnatal echocardiography. Fetal and postnatal echocardiography facilitated the precise morphologic diagnosis and segmental analysis of this defect.