Comparison of the pretreatment effects of mixed vasodilators (3-D solution) on radial and internal thoracic arteries by using a 3-dimensional anaglyph electron microscope technique

Dogan O. F., Tatar I., Duman U., Yorgancioglu C., Demircin M., Aldur M. M., ...More

HEART SURGERY FORUM, vol.9, no.3, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1532/hsf98.2006-1006
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Objective. Currently, internal thoracic arteries (ITA) and radial arteries (RA) are the first choice of conduits for coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG). Because the perioperative vasospasm continues to be a major problem, a number of pharmacologic agents such as papaverine, calcium receptor blockers, nitroglycerine, and phenoxybenzamine have been suggested as topical antispasmodics that may be used in the pre- and postoperative periods. In the present study, we investigated the quantitative efficacies of the mixed solution, which included verapamil, nitroglycerin, and papaverine, on RA and ITA using a scanning electron microscope with a 3-dimensional anaglyph technique.