For the first time in the history of the Republic, Turkey's Kurdish problem seems to be on its way towards resolution. Open negotiations between the state authorities and Abdullah Ocalan, a call for a farewell to arms by the PKK Leader during the Nevruz holiday in Diyarbakir, and discussions concerning the dates for the withdrawal of PKK members from Turkey - all these have created the hope that a conflict directly associated with blood and violence can eventually be resolved peacefully. This article will make use of the scientific tools of "Peace and Conflict Resolution" studies in order to explain how the cycle of violence related to the trauma experienced with regard to the Kurdish problem can be overcome and why it is necessary to resolve political problems not only through political actors but also at the level of social strata. Adopting the perspective of "Peace and Conflict Resolution" studies, the article will attempt to explain the cycle of violence and how it can be overcome, and identify the significant social and psychological issues that need to be resolved both during and after the conflict. In other words, this article is an attempt to adapt the "Peace and Conflict Resolution" approach, which has recently become popular in the academy, to the Kurdish problem.