The Religious and Cultural Identity in Tokach Village That Only Arab-Orthodox in Turkey

Tacoglu T. P. , SAĞIR A., Arik F.

MILLI FOLKLOR, no.110, pp.68-85, 2016 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 110
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Title of Journal : MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Page Numbers: pp.68-85


Relationship which will be established between culture and identity also requires to consider different social facts. All social conditions, especially history, traditions, attitudes, religion, economic perceptions, political opinion are transformed into cultural elements over time. Thus, culture is becoming a factor which shapes the identities from the outside. Today, with the increasing pressure of globalization, identity is the topic discussed in almost every area from politics, religion, and politics to education. As indicators of the basic identity have come to the forefront locality and spirituality with their extensions in discussions. While the localities represent more local belonging, the religiosity corresponds to the beliefs and rituals of the community. The study has analyzed the phenomenon of religious and cultural identity in Altmozu township of Hatay, the only Arab-Orthodox village is Tokach. In this study, cultural identity has defined and analyzed via the ethnic and religious facts. Ethnic fact is associated with being Arab as well as religious fact is related with being Orthodox. In this context the study were applied with social mobility and migration, participants' definitions of identity, relations with neighboring villages, they use information about the language, traditions, issues such as the Tokach. In this study it has used the technique of in-depth interviews and document review by the observation technique. Interviews was conducted between 3 and 7 July 2011. 50 people were interviewed with different age groups, professions and educational levels. This study has been identified that religion is a fundamental element in determining the cultural identity of participants; ethnic forms of identification only formed around elements such as language and music. Tokach Christians have been seen that they are connected to Turkey, they were described themselves sometimes the "Turkish citizens" or the "Turks".