An examination of the intrapuparial development of Chrysomya albiceps (Wiedemann, 1819) (Calliphoridae: Diptera) at three different temperatures


SERT O. , Ergil C.

FORENSIC SCIENCE MEDICINE AND PATHOLOGY, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12024-021-00411-y
  • Title of Journal : FORENSIC SCIENCE MEDICINE AND PATHOLOGY
  • Keywords: Chrysomya albiceps, Development, Pupal stage, PMImin, Temperature, Forensic, POSTMORTEM INTERVAL, SERICATA DIPTERA, LUCILIA-SERICATA, GENE-EXPRESSION, AGE ESTIMATION, HUMAN CORPSES, BLOW FLY, VICINA, CARRION, PUPAE

Abstract

The determination of intrapuparial development periods and development times of insects with holometabolous metamorphosis is necessary both in terms of developmental biology and for minimum Post-mortem interval (PMImin) calculations in forensic entomology. In this study, Chrysomya albiceps (Wiedemann, 1819), which is a cosmopolitan species and one of the most rapidly attracted to carrion, was studied. The focus was the intrapuparial development periods of this species at varying temperatures (20, 25, and 30 degrees C), knowledge which is used in forensic entomology for the estimation of Post-mortem interval (PMI) and is a type of black box. At the specified temperatures, pupae were collected and puparia were dissected hourly; thus, developmental periods were determined, and minimum and maximum starting times of these periods were calculated. With this research, a total of 20 periods, nine of which are new, were determined. The hourly determination of intrapuparial development periods at three different temperatures is the first in the world for this species.