Molar incisor hypomineralization and oral health-related quality of life: a sample of 8–12-years-old children


Kisacik S., Ozler C. O., Olmez S.

Clinical Oral Investigations, vol.28, no.1, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00784-024-05490-z
  • Journal Name: Clinical Oral Investigations
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Children, Dentin sensitivity, Molar hypomineralization, Quality of life
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objectives: The study aimed to evaluate the impact of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) and tooth sensitivity on the oral health in terms of the quality of life (OHRQoL). In addition, the impact of tooth maturity on tooth sensitivity was evaluated in the study. Materials and methods: Children aged 8–12 years with and without MIH participated in this descriptive cross-sectional study. They were chosen through the convenience sample technique. The Pediatric-Oral-Health-related-Quality-of-Life (POQL) scale was used to assess OHRQoL. The presence of the MIH and decayed, filled and missing teeth due to caries (using dmft/s, DMFT/S indexes) were recorded. The tooth sensitivity and dental maturity status were evaluated with the Shiff-Cold-Air-Sensitivity-Scale (SCASS) and Demirjian-method, respectively. Statistical analysis of the data was performed by Pearson Chi-Square Test and Mann-Whitney U test (p<0.05). Results: In this study, the participants were a total of 260 children, half were affected by the MIH. Their mean POQL scores were higher than those of the children without MIH with a statistically significantly difference in the total child scale score (p=0.014). Among the children with the MIH, child total QoL score was found to be higher in SCASS positive response group (p=0.011). The teeth with MIH (p<0.001) showed higher response to the stimulus. According to the dental age and dental maturity categories of the children with MIH, the total child scale score was found to be higher in the SCASS category (p=0.011), and the response status to the SCASS was statistically significant (p=0.042 and p=0.05, respectively). Conclusions: Among the children with MIH, the OHRQoL was found to be negatively affected. The teeth with the MIH tend to reveal more tooth sensitivity than healthy teeth. Many conditions such as having MIH, and tooth sensitivity might have an impact on the OHRQoL. In addition, more sensitivity to the stimulus was observed in the teeth with lower tooth maturity status; the dental age and dental maturity might have effects on tooth sensitivity. Clinical relevance: Considering the negative impacts due to MIH, the evaluation of OHRQoL is critical for dentists to employ a well-defined guide in their clinical decisions.