Molecular Investigation of a Fungemia Outbreak Due to Candida parapsilosis in an Intensive Care Unit

DİZBAY M., Kalkanci A., Sezer B. E. , Aktas F., AYDOĞAN S. , Fidan I., ...Daha Fazla

BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, cilt.12, sa.5, ss.395-399, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 12 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1590/s1413-86702008000500010
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.395-399


We investigated a nosocomial cluster of four Candida parapsilosis fungemia episodes that occurred in a neurological intensive care unit over a two-week period. The four infected patients had received parenteral nutrition through central lines, and all four had catheter-related candidemia. All of the isolates were susceptible to all of the antifungals tested, including amphotericin B, fluconazole, voriconazole, and caspofungin. They had strictly related fingerprints, based on randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analysis. Additional DNA sequencing data revealed that they were same strain. Although no isolate of Candida parapsilosis was recovered from other clinical, surveillance, or environmental samples, nosocomial spread of this yeast ceased, following the reinforcement of infection-control measures. Candida parapsilosis may require an intravascular foreign body to cause fungemia, but this outbreak shows that it can be transmitted nosocomially and can cause epidemics.