Identification of KIF21A mutations as a rare cause of congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles type 3 (CFEOM3)


Yamada K., Chan W., Andrews C., Bosley T., Sener E., Zwaan J., ...More

INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, vol.45, no.7, pp.2218-2223, 2004 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1167/iovs.03-1413
  • Title of Journal : INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.2218-2223

Abstract

PURPOSE. Three congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles phenotypes (CFEOM1-3) have been identified. Each represents a specific form of paralytic strabismus characterized by congenital restrictive ophthalmoplegia, often with accompanying ptosis. It has been demonstrated that CFEOM1 results from mutations in KIF21A and CFEOM2 from mutations in PHOX2A. This study was conducted to determine the incidence of KIF21A and PHOX2A mutations among individuals with the third CFEOM phenotype, CFEOM3.