Synthesis and characterization of thermoresponsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-N-hydroxymethylacrylamide-co-2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) hydrogels

Isik B., Gunay Y.

COLLOID AND POLYMER SCIENCE, vol.282, no.7, pp.693-698, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 282 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00396-003-0999-6
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.693-698
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: No


Thermoresponsive hydrogels based on N-isopropylacrylamide, N-hydroxymethylacrylamide, and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, poly(NIPAM-co-NHMAAm-co-HEMA), have been synthesized and their swelling-deswelling behavior studied as a function of NIPAM concentration, NIPAM/NHMAAm and NIPAM/HEMA mole ratio, and total monomer concentration. Copolymers varying in composition have been obtained by redox copolymerization of these three monomers. Temperature has been changed in the ranges from 4 to 70 degrees C at fixed pH and total ionic strength. Equilibrium swelling ratio, dynamic swelling ratio, and dynamic deswelling ratio were evaluated for all hydrogel systems. The equilibrium swelling ratios of the copolymeric gels decrease with increasing NHMAAm and HEMA content. The formation of the intermolecular hydrogen bonding between hydroxyl and amido groups decreases the hydrophilic group numbers of the gel and the affinity of the gel towards water decreases. The copolymer gels also showed rapid volume transitions with time. The time required for equilibrium shrinking increased with increasing NHMAAm and HEMA content in the gel.