Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is a new technique that can be used for the diagnostic imaging of central pulmonary thromboembolism (PE). In eight cases at our clinic, EBUS was used because of mediastinal lymphadenopathies or paramediastinal nodular lesions and at the same time images were obtained of a PE by means of EBUS. The PE was diagnosed before the EBUS with computed tomography (CT) of the lungs in all cases (5 women and 3 men). The repletion defects of all the cases compatible with a PE were clarified with CT-angiography. EBUS may be an alternative method for the diagnosis of PE, as it can indicate the presence of a thrombus in the central pulmonary arteries in hemodynamically-stable cases. (C) 2012 SEPAR. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L. All rights reserved.