The social ecology of health promotion within war-effected refugee preschool children


International Journal of Intercultural Relations, vol.94, 2023 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 94
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2023.101788
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Intercultural Relations
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ASSIA, Periodicals Index Online, ABI/INFORM, CINAHL, Communication & Mass Media Index, Communication Abstracts, Criminal Justice Abstracts, Index Islamicus, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Political Science Complete, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index, Social services abstracts, Sociological abstracts, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Keywords: Health promotion, Risk and protective factors, Ecological theory
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Health promotion frameworks that identify the risk and protective factors in promoting the health of war-affected preschool children living in refugee camps are limited. This study aimed to identify ecological factors in refugee camps affecting the health promotion of children in a vulnerable population using the storytelling method. Twenty Syrian refugee children aged between five and six years were interviewed individually. Data were analyzed in NVivo V.11 software using thematic content analysis. Four major themes derived from the data included the following; risk factors that cause illness, awareness of the illness, strategies for coping with illness, and protecting and promoting health. These results suggest that health promotion programs targeting refugee children should be considered as a bio-socio-ecological approach.