Meta-analysis of the Current Research on the Relationship Between Blood Lipid Levels and the Occurrence of Atrial Fibrillation

Hayıroğlu M. İ., Şaylık F., Çınar T., Tokgözoğlu L.

Heart Lung and Circulation, vol.32, no.10, pp.1158-1166, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.hlc.2023.08.006
  • Journal Name: Heart Lung and Circulation
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1158-1166
  • Keywords: Atrial fibrillation, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, Meta-analysis, Total cholesterol, Triglyceride
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Background: There is still debate in the literature about the relationship between lipid profile and the occurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF). In order to assess the association between blood lipid profiles and incidence of AF, this review was conducted to perform a meta-analysis of all available studies. Methods: This review analysed all studies up to 28 February 2023 in PubMed, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library that included data regarding blood lipid levels and incidence of AF. For the purpose of calculating pooled estimates, the hazard ratios were extracted from all studies. Results: Fourteen studies including 19 cohorts with 3,990,484 patients were included in this meta-analysis. An elevation of one standard deviation in total cholesterol (TC) level was associated with an 8% reduction (HR=0.92, 0.88–0.96; p<0.01) in the risk of developing AF. Although increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were associated with a 7% reduction in the development of AF (HR=0.93, 0.87–1.00; p=0.04), there was high heterogeneity in the random effects model (I2=92%). Changes in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels were not found to be associated with AF risk in the pooled analysis. Dose-response meta-analysis showed that TC was inversely linearly associated with the risk of AF (p<0.001). Conclusions: Higher TC levels were shown to be independently attributed to an increased risk of AF in individuals without cardiovascular disease. There was no association between the incidence of AF and triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol blood levels.