Eight proxy indices of solar activity for the International Reference Ionosphere and Plasmasphere model


Gulyaeva T. L. , ARIKAN F. , SEZEN U. , POUSTOVALOVA L. V.

JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS, vol.172, pp.122-128, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 172
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jastp.2018.03.025
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.122-128

Abstract

In view of the recent recalibration of the sunspot number time series SSN2, a need has arisen to re-evaluate solar and ionospheric indices in the International Reference Ionosphere, IRI, and its extension to the Plasmasphere, IRI-Plas models, which are developed using the predecessor SSN1 index. To improve efficiency of the model, eight solar proxy indices are introduced in IRI-Plas system: the daily measured solar emissions, the Ottawa 10.7-cm radio flux F10.7 and the H Lyman-alpha line at 121.6 nm; the core-to-wing ratio of the magnesium ion h and k lines at 279.56 and 280.27 nm, MgII index; sunspot number SSN1 observed before 05.2015 and modelled afterwards; re-calibrated SSN2 sunspots time series; the ionosonde foF2-based global IG-index and the Global Electron Content, GEC, index, the new ionospheric TEC-noon index based on GPS-derived Total Electron Content measurements at 288 IGS stations for 1994-2018. The regression relations are deduced between the different solar and ionospheric proxy indices smoothed by 12-month sliding window. The IG, TEC and GEC saturation or amplification effect is observed towards the solar maximum. The SSN1 and F10.7 data serve as a default IRI-Plas input while the rest indices are scaled to SSN1 units envisaged by the F2 layer peak maps. Relevant subroutines are incorporated in IRI-Plas system for automatic conversion of uses predefined index to other related indices which are applied by the different model procedures.