Integrated k-means clustering with data envelopment analysis of public hospital efficiency


ÇINAROĞLU S.

HEALTH CARE MANAGEMENT SCIENCE, vol.23, no.3, pp.325-338, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10729-019-09491-3
  • Title of Journal : HEALTH CARE MANAGEMENT SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.325-338

Abstract

The goal of this study is to integrate k-means clustering with data envelopment analysis to examine technical efficiencies in public hospitals in Turkey. A two-step analysis procedure involving provinces and public hospitals is applied in this study. The first step examines similar provinces in terms of welfare state indicators by using k-means clustering and silhouette (Sil) cluster validity index measures. Then, the efficiencies of public hospitals in different groups of provinces are determined. The data are taken from the Turkish Statistical Institute and the 2017 Public Hospitals Statistical Year Book for eighty-one provinces and 688 public hospitals. Study results show that, relative to similarities of welfare state indicators, there are five province groups (Sil = .58). The number of technically inefficient public hospitals is greater than the number of technically efficient public hospitals in all groups. Study results emphasize that incorporated methodology of k-means clustering with data envelopment analysis is useful to identify efficiencies of public hospitals located in provinces that have similar welfare status.