Development of Social Services and Psychiatric Social Work in Turkey

Kusgozoglu T., Akbiyik D. I.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MENTAL HEALTH, vol.36, no.3, pp.29-37, 2007 (ESCI) identifier identifier


This paper focuses on the development of social work in Turkey and its application in mental health. Since the establishment of Turkish republic in 1923, the legal and organizational structure of social work has been planned to follow the approaches of developed countries very closely. However, the religious and traditional effects of the daily routine of Turkish people, which is primarily based on supporting each other, seem to cause some disadvantages as well as advantages. Because the care of elderly, disabled, and psychiatric patients was traditionally provided by the family, the demand for governmental institualization in social work increased very slowly, causing a deceleration in the development of social work in health services, specificly in psychiatric services.