Formalising of Stereotypes te Nicknames and Reflecting to Jokes In Physician Folklore


KARATAŞ P.

MILLI FOLKLOR, no.116, pp.129-142, 2017 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 116
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Title of Journal : MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Page Numbers: pp.129-142

Abstract

Occupational folklore, which focuses on all the meaningfull cultural formations in the work place created by the individuals belonging to the same occupation, is one of the areas of study in folklore. A wide range of materials created in occupational context, ranging from jokes, to beliefs, from clothes, to morals, from prank and humor, to rituals are the subject of occupational folklore. When the occupational folklore is one of the less studied fields according to other fields of study, physicians also attract attention as one of the least studied groups in occupational folklore. Physicians have an important place and a rich folklore in terms of their hierarchical positions and number in the group consisting of doctors, nurses and others and defined as healthcare professionals. Medicine is divided into two main departments as the surgical and internal and physicians are also divided into two main groups as the surgical branch physicians and the internal branch physicians. These subgroups, which are developed by depening on specialization in medicine and are under the "physician" supra-identity, are the starting point for the formation of stereotypes within the profession. Stereotypes are mental constructs that divide people into some varieties and types and assume certain characteristics are present in certain people. These structures have an important influence on the evaluation of various situations, events and issues. Among physicians the stereotypes, which are created especially in the context of the subgroups' othering each other, constitute an interpretive framework in shaping many genres in their folklore. In this study, it is tried to determine the stereotypes in the physician's folklore by moving from the material obtained as a result of interviews with physicians in different branches. With examples from the internal medicine, general surgery and gynecology fields, nicknames shaping with stereotypes, jokes, reflecting the stereotypes and the role of the subgroup identities and the role of subgroups identies in the "physician" supra-identities and othering in the formation of a dimension of physician's folklore were handled.