Problem solving style, hopelessness, helplessness and haplessness as the predictors of psychopathology assessed by MMPI-2


ANADOLU PSIKIYATRI DERGISI-ANATOLIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY, vol.10, no.3, pp.187-197, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.187-197
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: The objectives of the present study were to investigate the relationships among problem solving style, hopelessness, helplessness, haplessness and psychopathology symptoms level and personality characteristics assessed by MMPI-2. The other point, which was planned to investigate, is, analyzing the effect of gender on mediator variables of the research. Methods: The study has been carried with 100 patients (52 women, 48 men) treated in psychiatric services. Problem Solving Inventory, Hopelessness, Helplessness and Haplessness Scale, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 were used to collect data in the study other than demographical information form. Results: Findings of the analyses revealed that the female and male participants did not differ in terms of problem solving styles, and levels of hopelessness, helplessness, and haplessness. Significant correlations were found among various problem solving approaches and the levels of Hopelessness, Helplessness and Haplessness with psychopathology symptom level assessed by MMPI-2. According to the regression analysis, being a female, using the approaches more which are thought to be included in the dysfunctional problem solving orientation, and the high level of Hopelessness and Haplessness were found as the important predictors for symptoms and personality features, which were evaluated with MMPI-2. Conclusion: Some problem solving styles, hopelessness, helplessness and haplessness are important predicted of psychopathology symptoms. The results were discussed in the light of the related literature and dependent recommendations to the area were given. (Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 2009; 10:187-197)