Relationship between adherence to mediterranean diet and nutritional adequacy


Parlak L., Ağaçdiken A., Göktaş Z., Rakıcıoğlu N., Dikmen D.

2021 ESPEN Virtual Congress, 9 - 14 September 2021, pp.602-603

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • Page Numbers: pp.602-603
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Rationale: Adequate intake of essential nutrients required for optimal nutrition and health status is called nutritional adequacy (1). Mediterranean diet (MD) is suggested as the one of the healthiest nutritional models. The MD reduces the risk of chronic diseases, especially cardiovascular diseases and cancer, due to its low carbohydrate ratio and high dietary fiber, healthy fat, and antioxidants contents (1). The aim of this study is to examine the nutritional adequacy of the MD in healthy adults.

Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study included 926 healthy individuals aged 19 to 64, between February and June 2020. The questionnaire, consisting of general information, Mediterranean Diet Assessment Tool (PREDIMED), and a 24-hour dietary recall, was applied by phone due to COVID-19 pandemic restrictions. Percentage of meeting the energy and nutrient requirements calculated according to the recommendations of Turkey Specific Food and Nutrition Guidelines-2015 by a trained dietitian.

Results: The average age of the participants were 35.1±13.40 and 50.4% of individuals were female. The average PREDIMED scores were 5.9±2.21 (out of 12 points). There were significant positive correlations between the PREDIMED score and the percentage of meeting the dietary fiber, vitamin K, and vitamin C requirements and negative correlations between the percentages of meeting the energy, vitamin E, and iron requirements (p<0.05) (Table 1). In addition, PREDIMED scores were positively correlated with the ratio of dietary monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA)/saturated fatty acids (SFA), showing a healthier fat intake profile (p<0.001).