The Examination of the Relationship Between Perceived Parental Acceptance- Rejection and Anger Expression Styles and Depressive Symptoms

Yildiz M. K. , DAĞ İ.

KLINIK PSIKIYATRI DERGISI-TURKISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHIATRY, vol.20, no.2, pp.84-95, 2017 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.5505/kpd.2017.98698
  • Page Numbers: pp.84-95


Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships among perceived parental acceptance rejection levels with anger levels, anger expression styles, and depressive symptoms of university students. Method: For this purpose, Parental Acceptance-Rejection Inventory, The State-Trait Anger Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory were administered to 366 Hacettepe University undergraduate and graduate students (185 women, 181 men) (X= 21.11; SD=3.57). Results: The t-test, correlation and regression analysis revealed that there are no gender difference, except two, in perceived parental acceptance-rejection levels, anger levels, and anger expression styles, and depressive symptom levels. The perceived warmth by the mother is significantly higher for males than females, and the female's anger levels is higher than the anger levels of males. Also, it's found that the levels of parental acceptance rejection predicts depressiveness, especially, the perceived parental rejection by the father predicts depresiveness. When the subscales of the perceived parental rejection were examined one by one, it's found that the total rejection level by the father, and by the mother predict depressiveness. Moreover, when the levels of the parental acceptance rejection were examined, it's found that the best predictor of the extraversive expression of anger, and the control of anger is the hostility/aggression levels by the father; if the perceived hostility/aggression by the father increases, the extraversive expression of anger also increases and the control of anger decreases. Conclusion: The results largely supported of the related literature.