The Genetic Variants of Interferon Regulatory Factor-3 in Children with Asthma.


Mosayyebi S., Sarac B. E. , Akel Bilgic H. , Sahiner U. M. , Sackesen C., Kalayci O., ...More

Journal of interferon & cytokine research : the official journal of the International Society for Interferon and Cytokine Research, vol.40, pp.570-577, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/jir.2020.0172
  • Title of Journal : Journal of interferon & cytokine research : the official journal of the International Society for Interferon and Cytokine Research
  • Page Numbers: pp.570-577
  • Keywords: interferon regulatory factor-3, asthma, single nucleotide polymorphisms, VIRUS-INFECTION, INNATE, POLYMORPHISMS, PATHWAY, CELLS, TRANSCRIPTION, ASSOCIATION, ACTIVATION, MECHANISMS, EXPRESSION

Abstract

Interferon Regulatory Factor-3 (IRF-3) is one of the key players in the inflammatory response mediated by the innate immune system. Although many studies have implicated a role for IRF-3 in the pathogenesis of inflammatory airway diseases, information about the possible association of IRF-3 genetic variants with asthma is scarce. We aimed to investigate the potential effects of IRF-3 polymorphisms in childhood asthma and asthma-related phenotypes. IRF-3 polymorphisms were first determined by sequencing 25 asthmatic and 25 healthy children. For further analysis, 609 asthmatic children and 191 healthy controls were screened for the genetic variants, such as rs2304204, rs2304205, rs320440, rs34739574, and rs7251. In addition, the relationship between these polymorphisms and asthma-related phenotypic features, including forced expiratory volume in one second values, eosinophil counts, and IgE levels was determined. rs7251 was associated with asthma in the codominant (P = 0.049) and G dominant (P = 0.025) model, however this significance was lost after False Discovery Rate analysis. Other investigated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) showed no significant association with asthma or asthma-related phenotypes. In conclusion, the seven SNPs of IRF-3 gene are not associated with asthma or asthma-related phenotypes in Turkish asthmatic children.