Patient Safety Culture: Effects on Errors, Incident Reporting, and Patient Safety Grade

KAYA S., Banaz Goncuoglu M., Mete B., Asilkan Z., METE A. H., Akturan S., ...More

Journal of patient safety, vol.19, no.7, pp.439-446, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/pts.0000000000001152
  • Journal Name: Journal of patient safety
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, PASCAL, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PAIS International
  • Page Numbers: pp.439-446
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


OBJECTIVES: This study mainly examines the effects of patient safety culture dimensions on 4 outcomes (self-reported errors, witnessing errors, incident reporting, and patient safety grade). METHODS: The data were collected using the Turkish version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire, which consists of 6 dimensions (teamwork climate, safety climate, job satisfaction, stress recognition, perceptions of management, and working conditions). Of 1679 personnel working in 6 hospitals in Ankara, 860 were randomly selected. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the Spearman correlation coefficient, and binary logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: The response rate was 62.7%. When the overall patient safety culture score increased by 1 point; the probability of witnessing an error was 2 times lower (P < 0.001), the probability of incident reporting was 4.22 times higher (P < 0.001), and the probability of assessing the patient safety grade as excellent was 29.86 times higher (P < 0.001). The teamwork climate was negatively related to making errors and witnessing errors (P < 0.001). The safety climate and working conditions were positively related to incident reporting and patient safety grade (P < 0.001). Job satisfaction was negatively related to incident reporting (P < 0.001). Perceptions of management were positively related to making errors and patient safety grade (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The patient safety culture scores were positively correlated with incident reporting and patient safety grade but negatively correlated with the occurrence of errors. Each dimension of the patient safety culture, except stress recognition, affected different outcomes. Therefore, managers should focus on different dimensions of patient safety culture to improve different outcomes.