Introducing minimum spatial cross-correlation kriging as a new estimation method of heavy metal contents in soils


GEODERMA, vol.226, pp.317-331, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 226
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2014.02.014
  • Journal Name: GEODERMA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.317-331
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


In earth sciences, estimation of heavy metal concentration at unknown locations is one of the most challenging problems. In multivariate cases, cokriging has been the traditional approach to solve the problem. Cokriging (CK) has some disadvantages such as modeling a number of auto and cross-variograms together to avoid facing unsolvable equation systems. In this study, minimum spatial cross-correlation kriging (MSCK) is introduced as an alternative method to cokriging (CK) approach. This method transforms spatially correlated variables into spatially uncorrelated factors, then estimates each factor separately and back-transforms the estimation results into the original data space. Jura data set is used to compare the performance of the new developed method to those of CK and principal component kriging (PCK). Performance comparison shows that although CK is a theoretically better estimation method, it does not outperform MSCK and PCK in all cases. Related to the methods based on factor estimation, improvement in spatial orthogonality does not lead to better performance. (c) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.