The Turkısh Adaptation of the Early Prosocial Behavior Questionnaire (EPBQ) and Psychometric Evaluation


Yüceol G., Aytaç A. B., Uçanok Z.

19th European Conference on Developmental Psychology (ECDP 2019) , Athens, Greece, 29 August 2019

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Athens
  • Country: Greece
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of the current study was to adapt the Early Prosocial Behavior Questionnaire developed by Giner Torréns and Kärtner (2017) to Turkish and to evaluate its validity and reliability. 267 mothers of 1-3 years-old children participated to the study.The participants completed Demographic Form, Early Prosocial Behavior Questionnaire and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis supported three factors structure representing helping, sharing and comforting. Results also showed that relationships between the subscales (helping, sharing and comforting) and the child's psychosocial development were significant in the expected directions. Criterion-related validity of the scale was also supported. There is no difference in prosocial behavior scores of children according to gender of the child, education and income level of the mother, and the method of collecting the data (online survey system or pen-and-paper method). The subscales had acceptable levels of internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The findings revealed that Turkish Early Prosocial Behavior Questionnaire was a valid and reliable measure for children between 1-3 years-old. The results were discussed with the suggestions to improve the scale.