Immunoaffinity beads for selective removal of cholesterol from human plasma

Yavuz H. , DENIZLI A.

JOURNAL OF BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE-POLYMER EDITION, vol.14, no.5, pp.395-409, 2003 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1163/156856203766652020
  • Page Numbers: pp.395-409


Anti-low density lipoprotein antibody (anti-LDL antibody) attached poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-methacryloylamidophenylalanine) (poly(HEMA-MAPA)) beads were prepared for selective removal of cholesterol from hypercholesterolemic human plasma. Poly(HEMA-MAPA) beads were produced by a modified suspension polymerization and then characterized by swelling tests and SEM. Blood-compatibility tests were also investigated: The water swelling ratio of the poly(HEMA-MAPA) beads increased significantly (68%) compared with pHEMA (55%). All the clotting times increased when compared with poly(HEMA) beads. Loss of platelets and leukocytes was very low. The maximum anti-LDL antibody attachment was achieved at pH 7.0. Attachment of anti-LDL antibody was 29.6 mg/g. There was a very low non-specific cholesterol binding onto the poly(HEMA-MAPA) beads, about 0.74 mg/g. Anti-LDL antibody attached beads adsorbed in the range of 13.3-16.0 mg cholesterol/g from hypercholesterolemic human plasma. Up to 92% of the adsorbed LDL was desorbed. The binding-elution cycle was repeated 10 times using the same beads. There was no significant loss of binding capacity.