Education is an important tool for development of individuals and societies. Children as a part of education system and the adults of future are a vital importance. The education system should be covered, especially children, including every human being in order to develop. In Turkey the process of education raised to twelve year, is known 4+4+4 system, and this decision got so much reaction because of its possible results. One of this results is the child labour problem. The aim of this study is to discuss the effects of education system on the child labour and bring into question social work intervention in order to eliminate this problem. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.