Kohlschutter-Tonz Syndrome With a Novel ROGD1 Variant in 3 Individuals: A Rare Clinical Entity


AKGÜN DOĞAN Ö. , ŞİMŞEK KİPER P. Ö. , Taskiran E. , Schossig A., ÜTİNE G. E. , Zschocke J., ...More

JOURNAL OF CHILD NEUROLOGY, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/08830738211004736
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF CHILD NEUROLOGY

Abstract

Kohlschutter-Tonz syndrome (OMIM 226750) is a rare disorder with autosomal recessive inheritance among epileptic encephalopathy syndromes. To date, only 31 Kohlschutter-Tonz syndrome families have been reported in the literature. Early-onset epilepsy, progressive global developmental delay, and amelogenesis imperfecta are the main components of the syndrome. Mutations in ROGDI (MIM 226750) and SLC13A5 (MIM 615905) are responsible for Kohlschutter-Tonz syndrome. Here, we report on the clinical and molecular characteristics of 3 individuals from 2 families, all harboring the same homozygous novel deleterious variant in ROGD1, along with a long-term follow-up and review of the literature. Although the phenotypic features are almost consistent in Kohlschutter-Tonz syndrome, overlooking dental findings and diverse degrees of variability in clinical findings makes diagnosis challenging occasionally. Because there is a limited number of reported patients, identification of new patients and delineation of clinical and molecular findings will increase the awareness of clinicians and enable establishing genotype-phenotype correlations.