In this study, it was aimed to demonstrate the short-term effect of breast cancer surgery and tumor removal on the metabolomic profiles of patients with early-stage breast cancer. This cohort consisted of 18 early-stage breast carcinoma patients who had breast cancer surgery to remove tumor and surrounding tissues. The blood samples obtained preoperatively and 24 h after surgery were used in this investigation. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) based metabolomic analysis was performed to determine the metabolites. The GC-MS-based metabolomics profile enabled the identification of 162 metabolites in the plasma samples. Postoperatively, glyceric acid, phosphoric acid, O-phosphocolamine, 2-hydroxyethyliminodiacetic acid, N-acetyl-D-mannosamine, N-acetyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, methyl stearate, methyl oleate, iminodiacetic acid, glycerol 1-phosphate, beta-glycerol phosphate and aspartic acid were found to be significantly increased (P < 0.05 for all), whereas saccharic acid, leucrose, gluconic acid, citramalic acid and acetol were significantly decreased (P < 0.05 for all). Breast cancer surgery and tumor removal has an impact on the metabolomic profiles of patients with early-stage breast cancer. These findings can be used for understanding the pathogenesis of breast cancer biology and screening the success of the surgery.