Does cystic fibrosis make susceptible to celiac disease?


EMİRALİOĞLU N. , Ademhan Tural D., HIZARCIOĞLU GÜLŞEN H. , ERGEN Y. M. , Ozsezen B., SUNMAN B. , ...More

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00431-021-04011-4
  • Title of Journal : EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS

Abstract

Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) have a higher incidence of celiac disease (CD) than the healthy population; however, the actual incidence of coexisting CF and CD is unclear. In this report, we aimed to evaluate the frequency of CD and CF coexistence and to assess the clinical findings of affected patients during follow-up. We conducted a retrospective review of patients with CF to reveal the frequency of CD and also investigated the clinical characteristics and clinical response to gluten-free diet in patients with CD. The incidence of CD in 515 patients with CF was 1.4%. The median age at the time of CF diagnosis was 2 months (1-6 months). CD was diagnosed in six patients with poor weight gain, fatty stools, and low z score for BMI and one patient with poor weight gain despite a high protein and calorie diet and pancreatic enzyme replacement. The median age of CD diagnosis was 8 years (2-12 years). Except for one patient who was recently diagnosed, the other six patients gained weight and their accompanying symptoms resolved after starting a gluten-free diet. Conclusion: CD should be investigated in patients with CF in the presence of inadequate weight and/or height gain or poor control of malabsorption symptoms despite appropriate and adequate nutritional and enzyme replacement treatment.