Knowledge towards the understanding of environmental conscious and risks in Turkey is limited. In this study the answers from 635 people from different cities are evaluated who are asked to fill forms containing questions about environmental and social topics between years 2006-2012. With these results modern life concept and environmental risk perception of Turkish people are evaluated. First of all what Turkish people consider as risk and their ranks in their daily life is questioned. According to the findings in twenty-first century social factors have the priority for Turkish people. Environmental priorities are guided by the press. Turkish people would like to see professionals in the management of environmental topics. According to the results only %22 of the respondents were trained on civil defense topics. Nuclear energy is not accepted by the majority of the population. Results indicate the need for a systemic and extended education program towards the development of an environmental consciousness.