PHOTOMEDICINE AND LASER SURGERY, vol.36, no.2, pp.72-77, 2018 (SCI-Expanded)
Objective: The aim of this review was to evaluate the balling phenomenon which occurs typically in Selective Laser Sintering (SLS). Background data: The balling phenomenon is a typical SLS defect, and observed in laser sintered powder, significantly reduces the quality of SLS, and hinders the further development of SLS Technology. Methods: Electronic database searches were performed using Google Scholar. The keywords laser sintering, selective laser sintering, direct metal laser melting, and balling phenomenon were searched in title/abstract of publications, limited to December 31, 2016. The inclusion criteria were SLS, balling phenomenon, some alloys (such as Cr-Co, iron, stainless steel, and Cu-based alloys) mechanical properties, microstructure and bond strength between metal-ceramic crown, laboratory studies, full text, and in English language. Results: A total of 100 articles were found the initial search and yielded a total of 50 studies, 30 of which did not fulfill the inclusion criteria and were therefore excluded. In addition, 20 studies were found by screening the reference list of all included publications. Finally, 40 studies were selected for this review. Conclusions: The method in question is regulated by powder material characteristics and the conditions of laser processing. The procedure of formation, affecting factors, and the mechanism of the balling effect are very complex.