Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany : 1985), vol.53, no.6, pp.472-483, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether root canal obturation with resin-based sealers increases the incidence and intensity of postoperative pain compared to other sealer types. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, and gray literature were searched through December 2020. Clinical studies evaluating postoperative pain after obturation with resin-based sealers and other sealer types were included. Risk of bias was assessed through the Cochrane RoB 2.0 tool for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and ROBINS-I tool for non-randomized clinical trials (nRCTs). Pooled relative risks (RR), standardized mean differences (SMD), and 95% confidence intervals were calculated for quantitative analyses. Of 524 studies, 11 clinical studies (eight RCTs and three nRCTs) involving 1,123 teeth were included. Four studies were assigned low risk of overall bias while seven studies presented high risk of overall bias. Quantitative analyses were performed with six studies for pain incidence, five studies for pain intensity, and four studies for analgesic intake. There was no significant difference between resin- based sealers and other sealer types in postoperative pain incidence at 24 hours (RR 1.102, P = .53), 48 hours (RR 0.943, P = .93), 72 hours (RR 1.019, P = .93), and 1 week (RR 0.559, P = .31), in pain intensity at 12 hours (SMD 0.100, P = .35), 24 hours (SMD 0.090, P = .25), and 48 hours (SMD 0.217, P = .26), and in analgesic intake at 24 hours (RR 2.253, P = .15) and 72 hours (RR 0.650, P = .59). CONCLUSION: Based on the available evidence, resin-based sealers do not increase the postoperative pain incidence, intensity, and analgesic intake compared to other sealer types.