The diagnosis of renovascular hypertension with technetium-99m- ethylenedicysteine captopril scintigraphy

UĞUR Ö., Caner B., Çekirge S., BALKANCI F., ERGÜN E., Kostakoǧlu L., ...More

Investigative Radiology, vol.31, no.8, pp.497-501, 1996 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 1996
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/00004424-199608000-00005
  • Journal Name: Investigative Radiology
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.497-501
  • Keywords: captopril renal scintigraphy, renal artery stenosis, renal imaging, Renovascular hypertension, technetium-99m-ethylene-dicysteine
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES. The authors present preliminary findings on the diagnosis of renovascular hypertension with technetium-99m- ethylenedicysteine (99mTc-EC). METHODS. Thirty-nine patients referred to the nuclear medicine department with clinical evidence of renovascular hypertension were included in the study. Baseline and captopril scintigraphies were done on separate days after the injection of 185 MBq of 99mTc-EC. All patients had angiographic correlation and 9 patients were shown to have renal artery stenosis. RESULTS. Quantitative analysis of the data showed no significant changes of perfusion index (PI), split renal function (SRF), and effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) values between pre- and postcaptopril studies in patients with significant renal artery stenosis (P > 0.05). Baseline and postcaptopril values for PI, SRF, and ERPF were measured as 128 ± 21 and ll6 ± 12 mL/minute, 47 ± 1 and 50 ± 2 mL/minute, and 250 ± 18 and 231 ± 20 mL/minute, respectively. However, time to maximum activity (T(max)), time to half maximum activity (T(1/2)), time to two thirds of maximum activity (T(2/3)), and residual cortical activity (RCA) values showed marked changes with a rising renogram curve (P < 0.05). Baseline and postcaptopril values for T(max), T(1/2), T(2/3), and RCA were measured as 3.1 ± 0.1 and 20.2 ± 1 minute, 5.4 ± 0.4 and 45.4 ± 3.1 minutes, 3.1 ± 0.2 and 33.7 ± 4.1 minutes, and 27 ± 4 and 215 ± 34 minutes, respectively. All scintigraphic studies showed good correlation with angiography and no false- positive or false-negative results were observed. CONCLUSIONS. This preliminary study demonstrates that 99mTc-EC has good potential for the diagnosis of renovascular hypertension and that a single diagnostic criteria, specifically arising renogram curve, seems adequate. However, the authors' initial results should be confirmed in a broader patient population.