Background. Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/R) may occur in transplantation, trauma, and elective hepatic resections. Leukotrienes have been shown to play a major role in hepatic I/R injury. Five-lipoxygenase enzyme is an important enzyme in the production of leukotrienes from arachidonic acid. MK-886 is an inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase, and montelukast is a cysteinyl leukotriene receptor antagonist. The aim of this study was to investigate whether MK-886 and montelukast are effective in. preventing hepatic I/R injury.