Concordant loss of fragile gene expression early in breast cancer development


Guler G. , ÜNER A. , Guler N., Han S., Iliopoulos D., McCue P., ...Daha Fazla

PATHOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, cilt.55, ss.471-478, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 55 Konu: 8
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/j.1440-1827.2005.01855.x
  • Dergi Adı: PATHOLOGY INTERNATIONAL
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.471-478

Özet

The FHIT and WWOX genes encompass the FRA3B and FRA16D fragile sites at chromosomes 3p14.2 and 16q23.3, respectively. Reduced Fhit and Wwox expression has been reported in approximately two-thirds of invasive breast tumors. Expression of these fragile gene products, as well as ErbB2 and p53, were evaluated immunohistochemically in 44 pure and 31 adjacent-to-invasive ductal carcinoma in-situ (DCIS) cases. Reduced Fhit and Wwox expression were observed in (i) 70% and 68% of pure DCIS; (ii) 52% and 55% of DCIS adjacent-to-invasive tumor cases; and (iii) 20% and 50% of adjacent normal tissue in pure DCIS cases. Reduced Wwox expression in adjacent normal tissue was observed in 30% of cases in the DCIS adjacent-to-invasive group. Reduced Fhit and Wwox expression was observed in 61% of adjoining invasive tumors. In all normal, pure DCIS, and DCIS adjacent-to-invasive lesions, Fhit and Wwox expression was positively associated (P = 0.034, P = 0.042, P = 0.004, respectively) and in the invasive component there was a positive trend toward association (P = 0.075). Fhit and Wwox were more frequently reduced in high-grade lesions in the DCIS adjacent-to-invasive (P = 0.025, P = 0.004, respectively). In the pure DCIS group, there was a statistically significant negative association between Fhit and ErbB2 expression in DCIS (P = 0.035). In summary, reduced Fhit and Wwox expression in in-situ breast cancer was associated, which may contribute to the high-grade DCIS-invasive tumor pathway.