Characterization of Clayey Soils and Physical Properties of Their Compressed Earth Blocks from Central Anatolia-A Case Study

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Rashidi A.

Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology, vol.4, pp.32-42, 2017 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)



The world is losing its inhabitability because new technologies bring impurities and climate, soil and the weather is changing day by day. National and international organizations are founded in order to prevent the destruction of the environment. The expansive nature of soils containing high amounts of clay minerals can be altered through chemical stabilization, resulting in a material suitable for construction purposes. During past decade, depending on the nature and function of soil, many different chemical products have been proposed to stabilize the soil. Temperature as a soil-forming factor has long been neglected, but today its importance in the general scheme of soil genesis can no longer be denied. Soil scientists do not agree among themselves as to the exact place of organisms in the scheme of soil-forming factors. Mineralogical and geotechnical analysis revealed that the soil of Central Anatolia is mainly composed of kaolinite and mixture of smectite and illite. The qualitative determination of the mineral composition in major elements of the raw soils was performed by FTIR, XRD and SEM. Despite having shown very good results at plot level, their widespread adoption remains a challenge for Central Anatolia