Quaternary activity of the Cihanbeyli and Yeniceoba Fault zones: Inonu-Eskisehir Fault System, Central Anatolia


Oezsayin E. , Dirik K.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES, cilt.16, ss.471-492, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 16 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Dergi Adı: TURKISH JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.471-492

Özet

The Inonu-Eskisehir fault system (IEFS) is one of the most important fault systems in Central Anatolia and consists of a series of NW - SE- to WNW - ESE- trending fault zones extending from Uludag ( Bursa) in the northwest to Sultanhani in the southeast. Between Inonu and Sivrihisar, the Eskisehir fault zone of the IEFS trends WNW, but east of Sivrihisar the < EFS changes its direction to NW - SE and splays out into four fault zones, named the Ihca , Yeniceoba, Cihanbeyli and Sultanhani fault zones and extends to south of Tuzgolu the east. The NW-SE-trending Yeniceoba fault zone ( YFZ), exposed between Gunyuzu in the west and Yeniceoba in the east, controls the northern margin of the Kelhasan horst and the southern margin of the Yeniceoba basin. Along this fault zone two sets of superimposed slickenlines indicate older pure right- lateral strike- slip faulting and younger normal faulting with a right- lateral component. The NW - SE- trending Cihanbeyli fault zone ( CFZ) is well exposed between north of Suluklu in the west and Cihanbeyli in the east. It controls the southern margin of the Kelhasan horst, and is marked by fault scarps, triangular facets, alluvial fans and alignment of springs. Recent detailed field mapping and kinematic analysis along the fault planes between Pliocene lacustrine carbonates and younger fluvial clastic rocks has shown that the CFZ consists of a series of parallel normal faults. However, kinematic analysis of the fault slip- plane data indicates that the fault planes cutting the Pleistocene - Holocene clastic sediments of the Cihanbeyli Graben at the southeastern tip of the CFZ are normal faults with a minor sinistral component. The kinematic analyses of fault- slip data clearly indicate that the area experienced NNE - SSW extension. Recent horizontal terrace deposits cut by a series of steeply- dipping normal faults with minor strike- slip component in Ilhanyayla, Damlakuyu ( Corca) village and nearly 4 kilometres southeast of Insuyu village, which are located on the YFZ and CFZ, indicate that the activity of both CFZ and YFZ continues, controlled by NNE - SSE- directed extension, in the Quaternary. The distribution of earthquake epicentres supports this view and suggests recent activity along the fault zones.