Comparison of dual-task performance in healthy geriatric individuals from different age groups

Martin Y., Sahin D., Altug F., Taskiran H.

ANNALS OF CLINICAL AND ANALYTICAL MEDICINE, vol.13, no.3, pp.253-257, 2022 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.4328/acam.20868
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Page Numbers: pp.253-257
  • Keywords: Aging, Cognition, Geriatrics, Rehabilitation, MONTREAL COGNITIVE ASSESSMENT, WALKING, MOCA
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the dual-task performance of healthy geriatric individuals in different age groups. Material and Methods: One hundred and two healthy geriatric individuals were included in our study (Group 1: aged 65-75 years, Group 2: aged 75-84 years). In single-task, Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale was used to evaluated cognitive performance; Timed Up and Go Test, 30 Seconds Sit-to-Stand Test and 10 Meter Walking Test were applied to evaluate motor performance. Dual-task performance was evaluated as motor-motor and motor-cognitive. The Dual-Task Questionnaire was applied to determine how difficult it was for the individuals during the dual-task. Results: In single-task comparisons, a significant difference was found in favor of Group 1 in all assesments. While there was a significant difference in favor of Group 1 in motor-motor dual-task performance duration and motor-cognitive dual task performance duration (p= .000), there was no statistically significant difference in motor-motor dual-task performance (p=0.791) and motor-cognitive dual task performance (p=0.475) between groups. For Dual-Task Questionnaire, a significant difference was found between the two groups in favor of Group 1 (p= .000). Discussion: Correspondingly with the decrease in physical and cognitive functions that occur with aging, a decrease in dual-task performance and performance durations were observed. Analyzing the studies conducted in the literature and more comprehensive studies on this subject will guide authors and clinicians.